Sialkot History

We have arranged for you links and resources regarding Sialkot history to let you know about past facts of this beautiful city of Pakistan. If we follow with respect to time eras then Sialkot history can be divided into following

Vedic Era
An era when it is ruled by a dynasty of a founder of Sialkot (or Sakala) named as Raja Sul (Sala) before 5000 years ago from today.

Persian Greek Era
While reviewing the History of Sialkot in details some facts denotes that this city was the eastern most outpost of Alexander the Great Hellenic Empire comprising Persians and Greeks. During 160 and 135 BC Sialkot acted as one of the capitals of Indo-Greek Empire.

Scythian Hun Era
The Scythian Hun era revolves around the story of Raja Sáliváhan, his son, Raja Rasálu, and his enemy, Raja Húdi. Raja Sáliváhan belongs to a caste named as ‘Sia’ which is a jut clan of Scythian origins built a fort and gave city a name of Sialkot. After death of Raja Sáliváhan, Raja Rasálu came into throne and fought with chieftain of Ghaker named as Raja Húdi and defeated by him. After his death in 400 AD there was no significant accounts for Sialkot history for next 300 years. During the last quarter of 5th century Huns sacked the city. After that phase it is believed that it remained part of Jammu ruler named as Raja Bahram Deo.

Muslim Mughal Era
Muslim Mughal Era starts when Shahab-ud-Din Muhammad Ghauri conquered Punjab in 1011 and dissolved the city as a part of the Muslim Sultanate of Delhi. Sialkot acted as his garrison. After that this city came under rule of Mughal Empire of India and Mughal emperor Jalal-ud-Din Muhammad considered it as part of Rachna-Bar Sarkar of Lahore province. Ali Mardan Khan was the chief of the city during reign of Mughal Emperor, Shahab-ud-Din Muhammad Shah Jahan.

Afghan Pastuns Era
After the end of Mughal reign it came under a pastuns families from kandhar and Kabul although the surroundings were possessed by Raja Ranjit Deo of Jammu. During 1748 Ahmad shah durrani conquered and let Sialkot part of afghan empire. Meanwhile Raja Ranjit Deo of Jammu continued to make his holdings in remote areas of the strong but not invaded Sialkot. The Sikhs gain control of this city from pastuns and ruled for 40 years till British dominion.

Sikh British Era
After Ahmad shah durrani reign, Britishers aided pastuns financially, economically and militarily to push Afghans further west. Between 1797 and 1810 it was occupied by Raja Ranjit Singh however after Second Anglo-Sikh War in 1849 Sialkot was captured by British. 

Pakistan Movement Era
Pakistan movement era marks efforts of Allama Iqbal who was born in Sialkot and also famous convention of may 1944 which portrayed the All India Muslim League as prominent figure in the British-Indian Punjab including participants of famous names like Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Liaquat Ali Khan, 'Lord' Chaudhry Naseer Ahmad Malhi, Khawaja Nazim-ud-Din, Sardar Abd-ur-Rab Nishtar, Mumtaz Ahmad Khan Daultana, Nawab Iftikhar Hussain Khan of Mamdot and Maulvi Tamiz-ud-Din.

Modern Era
When Pakistan was founded during 1947 majority of immigrants who comprise population from Pathan Kot and Gurdaspur settled in this city after that Sialkot has gradually become a major industrial city of Pakistan. Sialkot also witnessed a great battle of Tanks ever after the First World War also known as “Battle of Chawinda” in 1965 Second Kashmir War when people of city along with Pakistani Army fought against numerically superior and well equipped Indian army and showed acts of vigor and bravery by defending Pakistan.

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